Biotechnology

About Program Admission Requirements Request More Information Program Website
Faculty of Science
BSc
Full-Time, Part-Time
Yes
Yes
Yes

Did you know that humans have been biotechnologists for nearly 6,000 years? Making wine, beer, cheese and yogurt involve the use of bacteria or yeast to convert a natural product, like milk or grape juice, into a more desirable fermentation product.

Biothechnology is the direct or indirect use of living organisms in an innovative manner in the production of goods and services, or to improve existing processes. Applications of this science include the diagnosis and treatment of disease, genetically modifying agricultural crops and production of vitamins, pharmaceuticals and other economically important products.

York’s Biotechnology program prepares you for a career in this exciting, steadily growing field. This program teaches not only the underlying science but also exposes you to relevant social, legal, ethical and business issues.

Many students ask, how does "biotechnology" differ from "genetic engineering"? Biotechnology is a broad term that applies to all practical uses of living organisms—anything from microorganisms used in the fermentation of beer to the most sophisticated application of gene therapy. Genetic engineering refers to a set of technologies that are being used to change the genetic makeup of cells and move genes across species boundaries to produce novel organisms.

This program has been designed to provide a well-coordinated synthesis of carefully selected courses in molecular and cell biology, genetics and biochemistry with others in computer science, economics, business and ethics. It combines the required technical and conceptual scientific rigor necessary for mastery of the discipline with a fundamental education relevant to socio-economic aspects of biotechnology.

  • York's program is designed to offer you the opportunity to prepare for a career in biotechnology and, at the same time, to provide a sound foundation for postgraduate studies in molecular biology, cell biology and biochemistry.
  • Students frequently compete in the Sanofi-Pasteur Healthcare & Biotechnology Venture Challenge. This is a unique opportunity for Biotechnology and Schulich MBA students to create business plans to get products out of the lab and on to the market. In 2010, teams comprised of York Biotechnology and Schulich MBA students were awarded with over $10,000 in prizes.

You may also be interested in other Biology programs.

Sample Schedule (First-year)

  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Physics
  • Computer Use
  • Calculus
  • Micro Economics
  • Macro Economics

Possible Career Paths

Explore what you can do with your degree
  • biomanufacturing scientist
  • regulatory affairs officer
  • agricultural product researcher

BScFaculty of Science

Requirements for admission:
  • Alberta High School Diploma
  • ELA30-1 or English 30
  • Biology 30
  • Chemistry 30
  • Pure Math 30 or Math 30-2 or Math 30-1
  • And one additional academic courses numbered 30 or 31 - recommendation(s) below:
    • Physics 30
    To gain admission to this program, your academic average should be in the low-to-mid 80s.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of 76.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • British Columbia Secondary School Graduation Diploma
  • English 12 or English 12 First Peoples
  • Biology 12
  • Chemistry 12
  • Principles of Math 12 or Foundational Math 12 or Pre-calculus 12
  • And one additional Grade 12 Academic subjects - recommendation(s) below:
    • Physics 12
    To gain admission to this program, your academic average should be in the low-to-mid 80s.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of 76.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Baccalauréat Général
  • Terminale biology
  • Terminale chemistry
  • Terminale math
  • The following course(s) are also recommended:
    • Terminale physics
    • A maximum of 30 possible transferable credits may be granted for successful completion of the Baccalauréat Général. Please click here, then click “Transfer Credit Requirements” for details.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Successful completion of the final year of senior studies
    • Minimum overall result of “Bien/Buena/Bueno/Good” on all academic courses.
    • Some programs require a higher GPA.
  • Senior-level biology
  • Senior-level chemistry
  • Senior-level math
  • The following course(s) are also recommended:
    • Senior-level physics

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Diploma with a total of at least six units, including prerequisites, and grades of 1, 2 or 3 in each unit.
    • A minimum overall average of 3 out of 7 is required. Higher grades required for certain programs.
  • 2-unit biology
  • 2-unit chemistry
  • 2-unit math
  • The following course(s) are also recommended:
    • 2-unit physics
    • CAPE 2-unit courses, with results of 3 or better, are eligible for transfer credit, up to a maximum of 18 credits. Please click here, then click “Transfer Credit Requirements” for details.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • One year of CEGEP
  • 2 semesters of English/anglais
  • Biology 1
  • Chemistry 1 and 2
  • Linear Algebra 1
  • And six additional academic courses (high-school equivalent courses not accepted) - recommendation(s) below:
    • Physics 1 and 2
    • Extra courses will be assessed for transfer credit. Applicants with the DEC may be awarded up to one full year of transfer credit.
    To gain admission to this program, your academic average should be in the low-to-mid 80s.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of 76.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Senior Secondary School Graduation Certificate
  • Grade 12 biology
  • Grade 12 chemistry
  • Grade 12 math
  • The following course(s) are also recommended:
    • Grade 12 physics

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Lise Diplomasi
  • Senior-level biology
  • Senior-level chemistry
  • Senior-level math
  • The following course(s) are also recommended:
    • Senior-level physics

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • General Certificate of Education (GCE) Examinations
  • A-level biology
  • A-level chemistry
  • A-level math
  • The following course(s) are also recommended:
    • A-level physics
    • GCE A2 examinations with results of "C" or better, are eligible for transfer credit, up to a maximum of 18 credits. Please click here, then click “Transfer Credit Requirements” for details.
    To gain admission to this program, minimum average of C is required.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of C.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE)
  • Twelfth Year biology
  • Twelfth Year chemistry
  • Twelfth Year math
  • The following course(s) are also recommended:
    • Twelfth Year physics
    To gain admission to this program, successful completion of the Twelfth Year of senior studies with a minimum overall average of %cutoff.hk%/5.0 required.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • International Baccalaureate Diploma
    • IB Diploma with passes in six subjects: three passes at the Standard-level and three passes at the Higher-level, or two passes at the Standard-level and four passes at the Higher-level
  • Standard or higher-level biology
  • Standard or higher-level chemistry
  • Standard or higher-level math (Math Studies will not satisfy this requirement)
  • The following course(s) are also recommended:
    • Standard or higher-level physics
    • Transfer credit is granted for IB courses with Higher-level final grades of 5 or better, to a maximum of 30 credits. Please click here, then click “Transfer Credit Requirements” for details.
    To gain admission to this program, minimum IB diploma point scores of 28 is required.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires minimum IB diploma point scores of 28.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Completion of one of the following:
    • All-India Senior School Certificate (AISSCE)
    • Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC)
    • Indian School Certificate (ISC)
    • Intermediate Examination Certificate
    • Pre-University Examination Certificate
  • Grade XII biology
  • Grade XII chemistry
  • Grade XII math
  • The following course(s) are also recommended:
    • Grade XII physics

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Manitoba High School Diploma
  • English 40S
  • Biology 40S
  • Chemistry 40S
  • Pre-Calculus Math 40S
  • And one additional 40S level academic subjects (no more than one at the 40G level) - recommendation(s) below:
    • Physics 40S
    To gain admission to this program, your academic average should be in the low-to-mid 80s.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of 76.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • New Brunswick High School Graduation Diploma
  • English 120, 121 or 122
  • Biology 121 or 122
  • Chemistry 121 or 122
  • Math 121 or 122 or Pre-Calc 12B
  • And two additional Grade 12 academic subjects (college preparatory 120, 121 or 122) - recommendation(s) below:
    • Physics 121 or 122
    To gain admission to this program, your academic average should be in the low-to-mid 80s.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of 76.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Newfoundland and Labrador High School Graduation Diploma
  • English 3201
  • Biology 3201
  • Chemistry 3202
  • Math 3204 or 3205 or 3200
  • And three additional credits at the 3000 level - recommendation(s) below:
    • Physics 3204
    To gain admission to this program, your academic average should be in the low-to-mid 80s.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of 76.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Nova Scotia High School Graduation Diploma
  • English 12
  • Biology 12
  • Chemistry 12
  • Advanced Math 12 or Math 12 or Pre-calculus 12
  • And one additional Grade 12 academic subjects (university preparatory academic or advanced) - recommendation(s) below:
    • Physics 12
    To gain admission to this program, your academic average should be in the low-to-mid 80s.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of 76.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Nunavut High School Graduation Diploma
  • ELA30-1 or English 30
  • Biology 30
  • Chemistry 30
  • Pure Math 30 or Math 30-2 or Math 30-1
  • And one additional academic courses numbered 30 or 31 - recommendation(s) below:
    • Physics 30
    To gain admission to this program, your academic average should be in the low-to-mid 80s.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of 76.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Northwest Territories High School Graduation Diploma
  • ELA30-1 or English 30
  • Biology 30
  • Chemistry 30
  • Pure Math 30 or Math 30-2 or Math 30-1
  • And one additional academic courses numbered 30 or 31 - recommendation(s) below:
    • Physics 30
    To gain admission to this program, your academic average should be in the low-to-mid 80s.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of 76.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD)
  • ENG4U
  • SBI4U
  • SCH4U
  • MHF4U
  • And two additional 4U or M courses - recommendation(s) below:
    • SPH4U
    To gain admission to this program, your academic average should be in the low-to-mid 80s.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of 76.
    OUAC code YSA

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Completion of a diploma program or at least two full semesters or one year of full-time academic study at an accredited college
  • Overall average of 3.0 or better on a 4-point scale (or equivalent)
  • SBI4U*
  • SCH4U*
  • MHF4U*
  • SPH4U (recommended)
  • * Requirement (or equivalent) must have been satisfied within the previous five years
  • BScFaculty of Science

    To be considered a mature student, you must:
  • Be at least 20 years old by the end of the calendar year of admission to the University
  • Have been out of full-time high school studies for at least two years or have returned to upgrade after a two year absence
  • Have attempted less than one full year of studies at an accredited university or college
  • Have demonstrated potential for success through academic, professional or volunteer activities and other accomplishments
  • Requirements for admission:
  • SBI4U*
  • SCH4U*
  • MHF4U*
  • SPH4U (recommended)
  • * Requirement (or equivalent) must have been satisfied within the previous five years
  • BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Completion of at least four full-year courses or one year of full-time degree studies at an accredited university
  • Overall average of 2.3 or better on a 4-point scale (or equivalent)
  • SBI4U*
  • SCH4U*
  • MHF4U*
  • SPH4U (recommended)
  • * Requirement (or equivalent) must have been satisfied within the previous five years
  • BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Prince Edward Island Senior Secondary School Diploma
  • English 621
  • Biology 621
  • Chemistry 611 or 621
  • Math 621A or 621B
  • And one additional Grade 12 academic subjects (numbered 611 or 621) - recommendation(s) below:
    • Physics 621
    To gain admission to this program, your academic average should be in the low-to-mid 80s.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of 76.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Quebec Grade 12 Certificate of Graduation
  • Grade 12 English
  • Grade 12 Biology
  • Grade 12 Chemistry
  • Grade 12 Linear Algebra
  • And two additional academic (university preparation level) subjects - recommendation(s) below:
    • Grade 12 Physics
    To gain admission to this program, your academic average should be in the low-to-mid 80s.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of 76.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Transcript of Secondary Level Achievement
  • English A30 and English B30
  • Biology 30
  • Chemistry 30
  • Math B30 and C30 or Pre-calculus 30
  • And recommendation(s) below:
    • Physics 30
    To gain admission to this program, your academic average should be in the low-to-mid 80s.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of 76.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • General Secondary Education Certificate
  • Senior-level biology
  • Senior-level chemistry
  • Senior-level math
  • The following course(s) are also recommended:
    • Senior-level physics

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • High School Diploma
  • Senior-level biology
  • Senior-level chemistry
  • Senior-level algebra
  • The following course(s) are also recommended:
    • Senior-level physics
    • AP College Board examinations are eligible for transfer credit, for results of 4 or 5, up to a maximum of 30 credits. Please click here, then click “Transfer Credit Requirements” for details.

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) or National Examinations Council (NECO)
  • Senior-level biology
  • Senior-level chemistry
  • Senior-level math
  • The following course(s) are also recommended:
    • Senior-level physics

    BScFaculty of Science

    Requirements for admission:
  • Yukon High School Diploma
  • English 12 or English 12 First Peoples
  • Biology 12
  • Chemistry 12
  • Principles of Math 12 or Foundational Math 12 or Pre-calculus 12
  • And recommendation(s) below:
    • Physics 12
    To gain admission to this program, your academic average should be in the low-to-mid 80s.Maintaining your offer of admission to this program requires a final academic average of 76.